ISRO Full Form: Indian Space Research Organization
ISRO full form is the Indian Space Research Organization. It was established in 1962 by the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
Vikram Sarabhai was the first person who is identified space technology and he takes responsibility for the development of ISRO.
The first mission of ISRO was in space-based service. To develop the new advanced technology ISRO has its own manufacturer and also it had introduced space exploration activity in India.
It established in Bangalore and fully controlled by the Government of India. Now ISRO is most popular worldwide for Space research and Space science because it creates anew recorded in space research technology.
Now 17000 employees work in ISRO. It has the most amazing world record like the budget of lunching satellite price is less than other activities and it’s price also less than equal to space technology of other countries.
The Science city of India, Bengaluru, headquarters of ISRO.It is the only space agency of govt. of India.
Satellites And Unique Records of ISRO
The first satellite launched on 19 April 1975 and Its Name was Aryabhata but at this time India did not have any lunching vehicle so the Russian Government helps for launching the first satellite of India.
After five years in 1980, ISRO launched its first own made Satelite SLB3 and its project director was APJ Abdul kalam and it launched successfully.
From 1980 to still ISRO creates its own-made satellite then it counts in such countries who are making own-made Satellite such as America, Russia, Japan and etc.
On 22 October 2008 ISRO launched a geat satellite from Satish Dhawan international space research center that was Moon Mission and its name was Chandrayan.
It is the unmanned vehicle for research on the moon surface, to reach on the moon surface, it travels 5 days and to reach orbits of the moon to reach it travels 15 days.
By successful lunch of Chandrayana-1, ISRO creates a new world record to find water on the moon surface because this mission works 10 months continuously.
After 10-month successful research on the moon, it disconnects from ISRO and in between 10-month finished 95% of research on the moon.
This mission was a low budget than other space research for a moon mission and its cost was 386 core. After successfully launching the moon mission then ISRO lunch another mission that was mission Mangalyana and it lunch 5 November 2013.
In the Mars mission the Satelite travel 298 days on 24 September 2014 it enters in orbit of Mars and then it successfully land on the surface of Mars.
After successfully landing on Mars ISRO create a world recorded because in first attend ISRO land his Satelite on mars.
Types of Satellites
ISRO has two types of Satelite one is P S l V(Polar Satelite lunching Vehicle )and another is G S L V(Geosynchronous Satelite Lunch Vehicle).
PSLV is using in lanching small satellite and GSLV which use for lunching heavy satellite which around 36000km height from earth.
ISRO has an important role in internationally because it has unique technology and intelligent scientist.
Now ISRO has 100 Spacecraft,70 lunch Mission,9 student satellite,2 Re-Entry Mission,269 Foreign Satelite from 32 countries, and also in the space research technology sector.